Everything You Need for Trout Fishing [Great for Beginners]

Last Updated on October 2, 2023 by Kyle Whitley

I’m not sure if you’ve heard this before, but trout fishing is one of the most relaxing hobbies around. It doesn’t require any expensive equipment or a ton of special fishing skills.  Let’s take a look at everything you need for trout fishing.

But you do need to know how to fish for trout. And while it might seem simple, there are many different types of trout fishing techniques that you’ll need to master.

So if you’re looking for a hobby that will relax you, challenge you, and make you feel great, you should check out trout fishing. It’s perfect for beginners and experts alike.

Things You Need To Start Trout Fishing

Trout are beautiful fish that are very popular among fishermen. They are elusive and hard to catch. They fight well and are great fighters. They are found in many different types of water.

You’ll need a tackle box, some flies, and a rod. Get your hands on a trout mystery tackle box, and then go out and fish.

Trout Facts

Trout are freshwater fish usually caught by fly fishing or bait fishing. Trout eat mostly insect larvae and invertebrates. Their diet consists mainly of aquatic plants and algae. Trout are often used as game fish.

Trout Fishing Regulations and Rules

Trout are freshwater fish that are usually caught by anglers using fly-fishing techniques. There are many different types of trout, but most are found in rivers and streams. T

Regulations may vary depending on where you go fishing. You might need a license to fish in state waters, while others won’t require one. Some states have specific seasons for catching trout.

Trout should be caught and released following state law.

Everything You Need for Trout Fishing

Essential Gear You Need for Trout Fishing

Trout fishing is a  very rewarding sport and a great way to spend time in the beautiful outdoors.  Like most sports, you are going to need essential gear to help make your trip a successful experience.

A medium-sized rod should be used, and a 6-7 foot long rod is ideal. A spinning reel and 4-6 pound line are recommended.

Sinkers, swivels, and hooks are needed as well. Fly fishing is another method to catch trout.

Trout have pretty good eyesight, but they will strike many types of lures.  They aren’t picky eaters like your 5-year child, and they will eat all kinds of baits.

When learning to trout fish, it is good to start by using insect imitating lures.  Bugs make up a good portion of a trout’s diet, which is a great place to start.  Trout will also hit dough baits, minnows, nightcrawlers, and fish eggs


Trout are cold-water fish that prefer streams over rivers. 

If you plan on fishing for trout in or around streams or rivers it’s a good idea to get yourself some waders.

You need to wear hip boots or chest wading gear when you go out to catch them.

Fishing Vest

Trout vests are great for fishing because they give you lots of room to carry everything you’ll need for a day on a stream.

Vests are made for every budget and will help you carry more equipment than you’d be able to otherwise.

The vests are available in a variety of sizes and colors and come with adjustable shoulder straps so that they can fit almost any size person. They’re also very comfortable, which will extend your time on the stream.

A Rod and Reel

Trout fishing is easy if you know what you’re doing. You’ll want a rod and reel, and you can choose between spinning and fly fishing. Spin fishing requires a short rod and lighter line, like a rod that is in the 5 to 6-foot range.  

You will want to use a light or ultralight rod with 4lb – 6lb test in mono or fluorocarbon.  A small diameter braided super line with a mono or floor leader could work as well.

Fly fishing requires a longer rod in the 7 to 9-foot range.  The rods should be in the 4 to 6 weight class range.  Using a weight forward or floating line would be perfect for trout fishing.

Baits, Baits, and more Baits

So trout baits come in a wide variety of styles to choose from.  There are live baits like crawfish and minnows, and even insects.  There are also artificial baits like inline spinners, spoons, and small minnow-type baits.

Fly fishing baits come in many different types and styles to help “match the hatch”  Some of the more common flies are insect imitations in wet and dry patterns like the wooly booger, cadis, scud, and grasshopper.  

If you want to keep it super simple there are dough baits, Powerbait, and salmon eggs.  Fishing doesn’t always have to be complicated.

A Landing Net 

When trout fishing it is essential to have a landing net, this is especially important if you are wade fishing.

The reason for having a landing net is that when you land your catch in the water, there is always some chance of losing fish and bait. If you lose a fish or bait, then you will not be able to use them again

Forceps or Fishing Pliers

Trout have sharp teeth that hook easily. Anglers should use hemostats or forceps to unhook them. Forceps make it a great deal easier getting smaller flies out of a trout’s mouth.

Fishing pliers like forceps help get fish unhooked and also have extra features like line cutters on some models.

fishing for trout landing net

Where to Fish for Trout

There are literally hundreds of different types of trout, from rainbow and lake to brown and more. The fish can be found in every part of the country, including streams, rivers (including large ones), creeks, ponds (including small ones), and lakes. Trout can be abundant, so they’re a good target species for beginning anglers.

When looking for an excellent place to fish for trout, it’s best to look at local sources. Public agencies like a state’s Division of Fish and Wildlife often publish fishing maps. You could also check out local bait and tackle shops, fellow anglers, and online forums for advice on where to go fishing.

There are several ways to learn how to fish for trout. Lakes make an ideal place to go fishing because you can choose to catch your fish from land or a small boat, which opens up lots of possibilities for you to enjoy your time outdoors. And the lakes are usually stocked with trout, which makes fishing trips as enjoyable as possible.

How to fish for trout

Trout fishing is super complicated; it is like every other type of fishing, where you present a bait to a fish in the hopes that the fish with strike or consume the bait.

Fishing for trout in lakes and ponds

There are many ways to catch trout, but three of them are easy to use in lakes.


First, use a piece of worm or some PowerBait or similar bait on a bait hook. Add a small, lead weight above the hook to help sink the bait and add a bobber from 1½ to 3 feet above the line.

Cast out to a good fishing spot and wait for the bait to move. This is a good way to catch fish when they’re cruising near the surface or when you need to keep your bait and hooks suspended above a weed bed without them touching the weeds.

Bottom Fishing

Sometimes trout are in really deep water, and the bait has to get down there. There is no bobber used in this technique. Instead of attaching the lead weight directly below the bait, attach it about 1½ feet above the hook and cast out. The lead weight will drop down into the water, but the bait will rise up and hover 1½ feet above the bottom of its container.

Spinners, Spoons, and Flies

Spinnerbaits imitate small minnow, leech, and other favorite trout foods. Cast your lure over trout-habitats-looking waters when fishing for trout.

Let it sink for at least a minute before you start reeling it in. Try varying the amount of time you leave the spinner in the water and the speed at which you retrieve it until you find the combination of settings that catch fish.

Fishing rivers and streams for Trout

When fishing in moving water, the current will affect how your lure behaves in the water. Good trout fishing techniques for moving water include:

Casting an Inline Spinner

Begin by casting the spinner slightly upriver and reel in any slack line.

When the current carries the spool downriver, hold as much fishing line off the water as you possibly can to achieve a natural drift. Once the spinner has drifted toward the shore and is entirely straight downriver, begin a moderate retrieve (or slow retrieve).

Drifting a worm or an artificial bait

With enough split shots to get close enough to the bottom. Adding a bobber may help you keep track of where the lure is drifting.

When a river slows and deeps into a pool with a very low current, you can use the same fishing techniques you’d use in a smaller body of water.

Storing Trout While Fishing

Trout should be cleaned as soon as possible after catching them. They should be stored in a cooler packed with dry ice. When you get back to your house, you should wash them off again before cooking them.

Everything You Need For Trout Fishing: Summing it Up

In conclusion, if you’re looking for the perfect place to go fishing, look no further than a local stream. There’s nothing like sitting back and watching trout dart around the rocks and logs of a quiet river, but before you head off into the wilds, here are a few essentials for your trip. First, bring along a rod and reel. Next, pack some bait. And finally, bring along a cooler full of ice and water. Now you’re ready to catch some fish!



Georgia Department of Natural Resources